Excise Duty On Carbonated Drink Will Induce Job Loss, Price Hike, Customs CG Admits

L-R: President, Water Producers Association of Nigeria (WAPAN), Mr. Mackson Odiri Egberi; representative of Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Mr. Fred Chiazor; representative of the Comptroller-General of Customs, Comptroller Monica Shaahu; a member of Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG), Dr. Ikenna Nwosu; and the Chief Executive Officer of Kings Communications Limited, Mr. Kingsley Anaroke; during a one-day Business Discourse by MMS Plus newspaper.

The Nigeria Customs Service (NCS), yesterday admitted that the re-introduction of excise duty collection on non-alcoholic drinks will lead to job losses and maybe possible price hike which will affect the final consumers.
Speaking yesterday at the MMS Business Discourse themed: “X-raying the Proposed Excise Duty Regime for Carbonated Beverages in a Recovering Economy”, the Comptroller-General of the service, Col. Hameed Ali (rtd), noted that in the short term the new excise regime may present not temporary hardship to the excise traders that hitherto didn’t pay duties.
Ali, who was represented by the Controller, Lagos Industrial Command, Comptroller Monica Shaahu, presented a paper titled, “Merits and Demerits of Excise Duty in a COVID-19 Recovering Economy.”
According to him, the wide production and consumption of carbonated non-alcoholic drinks locally is a strong indication that it will trigger a significant revenue rise from excise duy when brought under excise control.
He said, “Invariably, job losses and maybe possible price hike which will affect the final consumers may occur,” he opined.
Ali, however, noted that bringing the carbonated non-alcoholic and alcoholic drinks under excise control will cushion the effects of the overdependence on oil/ import duty revenue occasioned by global econonic response to COVID-19.
“Away from the revenue view, the health and environment hazards presented by the production and consumption of carbonated drinks will be ameliorated bringing them under regulation and control. Excise traders under the new regime are likely to think of exportation to enjoy the duty free delivery incentives from the federal government thereby attaract more forex to the economy.”
“Given the lesson learnt from the impact of covid 19 and its effects; many nations of the world have re-strategized their economical system in a more diversified way to achieve a robust, stable and prosperous economy with a long term benefit. Hence; bringing carbonated drinks under Excise control this time will raise government revenue, reduce health hazards and align Nigeria with harmonization of the ECOWAS member – states. For instance; Coca Cola the largest conglomerate which produces carbonated drinks pay Excise Duty in other host countries apart from nigeria. This is unhealthy economy advantage for their products coming from other nearby countries.”
However, the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), has revealed that the  proposed re-introduction of excise duty collection on non-alcoholic drinks would see producers of the items lose up to NGN1.9trillion in revenue sales between 2022 – 2025.
Speaking at the event, the Chairman of Fruit Juice Producers branch of MAN, Mr. Fred Chiazor stated that the losses indicate a 39.5% loss due to imposition of the new taxes with concomitant impact on jobs and supply chain businesses.
The group called for a suspension of the fiscal policy, even as it noted that the proposed excise duty collection will shrink the sector’s contribution to the GDP which is currently represents 35% of manufacturing.
“Government could lose up to N197billion in Value Added Tax (VAT), EIT fund and Collective Investment Trust (CIT) revenues occasioned by the drop in industry performance,” the MAN representative said.
He argued that the tough economic situation in the nation presently should see the government introduce fiscal palliatives and tax rebate instead of introducing excise duty collection.
On his part, the President of Water Producers Association of Nigeria (WAPAN), Mr. Mackson Odiri Egberi argued that the move to collect excise duty on water would see the product go beyond the reach of the ordinary citizens.
Mackson argued that the chemicals used by water producers as well as the sachets are imported and subjected to import duty payments, lamenting that excise duty collection would be an additional burden on producers that would force them to shut down or compromise on their standards.
A member of the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG), Dr. Ikenna Nwosu advised that the initiative be shelved for a minimum of one year to allow for robust discourse with industry stakeholders on the possible gains and shortcomings of the policy.
Nwosu posited that the one year waiting period would also enable the nation’s economy, especially its manufacturers recover from the debilitating effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
He argued that most global economic bodies including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Trade Organization (WTO) have been advising governments to suspend taxes for one year as part of efforts to support their businesses amid the global fiscal challenges.
Earlier, the Executive Secretary of Nigerian Shippers’ Council (NSC), Hon. Emmanuel Jime stated that the new excise duty regime wouldn’t affect Nigeria’s competitiveness with the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA).
Jime, who was represented by the Council’s Director of Consumer Affairs, Chief Cajetan Agu, encouraged industry stakeholders to be more concerned about other logistics infrastructure challenges that puts Nigeria in a disadvantageous position for the regional trade.
“AfCFTA is a a rule-based market. Instead of focusing on the issue of local taxes, we should on Nigeria’s area of advantage. What’s the level of automation at Nigerian ports? Are there scanners Nigeria isn’t connected to other nations via rail. Is there a sound logistics platform in the country to support AfCFTA?” the NSC boss queried.

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